In the context of fast changing technologies, technical education has assumed tremendous significance. It is through properly phased and course-wise-planned institutionalized technical education, that the expanding & rapidly diversifying need for skilled and technically trained manpower can be met. But from the point of view of social justice, special care is required to be taken of traditionally disadvantaged, ethnically backward and spatially sparingly habited sections of our society.  Aim of this survey is to collect information about the training facilities in ITI’s/Polytechnics/Technical Institutions, their utilization by such students vis-à-vis the others and the extent & causes of under-utilization & remedies there for. It also examines the pattern of implementation of the incentives, extent of benefits & whether these need any modifications. It also considers impact of this training in respect of employment, emoluments, waiting-time, place & nature of work, socio-economic betterment, change of perception etc., besides examining the in-industry training, problems of institutions located in tribal areas etc. There are several unknown points, which can be determined through this survey  e.g. reasons for all reserved seats not getting filled, reasons for the concessions/incentives not being attractive enough or not publicized adequately, remedial measures and instructional facilities required for this group, which is deficient in educational background, reasons for those who leave the education in between and their fate, status of employment and fulfilling of aspirations of the successful ones, position about waiting time  for their getting jobs, their prospects, professionally, academically, socially and  economically, the extent and rate at which the contents of courses, including proportion of theory and practical are revised, information about the names, role/say in shaping of courses etc. of the prospective employers, assessment of problems of social adjustments in hostels & later  in professions.

           Statistically sound representative samples should be taken from each of the sampled institutions i.e. one Principal, 5 instructors and 20 students or more (say 5 from each of the groups) should be randomly selected from within their sub-groups. Also in all 25 ex-trainees should be selected randomly from these institutes, but it should be a fair mix of completeness, repeaters and dropouts. Further to obtain reliable deductions, appropriate analytical techniques should be used to carry out the analysis at 3 levels, namely All India Level with State variations, State Level with district variations and Institutional Level with course/trade variations. This analysis should include male/female dichotomy to the extent possible. Investigators should collect information under the following heads by forming suitable questions, Institutional information, Principals and instructors, students, ex-trainees, Enrolment of students, Bio-data of student and family, Employer’s point of view, Institutional finances, Instructor’s Bio-data, Public person’s perception. Only widely known and easily understood techniques of Statistical analyses should be used. The concepts are percentage, mean, standard deviation and coefficient of variation. The Drop-out-rate (DOR) and Capacity Utilization Percentage (CUP) should be calculated from the basic data for institutions/trades/courses/years etc.

          The important findings from this survey will be about percentages of such students getting stipends, sufficiency of the amounts of stipend both as an attraction and necessity, status of response from faculty members, position  about self-employment, difficulty to locate ex-trainees, status of living conditions and educational facilities for staff in tribal/remote areas, position  of repayment of the amounts received by the trainees, periodic updating of courses, besides reviews and adaptations to local needs, reconsideration of criteria for reservations and incentives, status of social interaction in the hostel, satisfactory working of mess, adequacy of hygienic conditions of hostel accommodations and  status of recreational facilities etc.


This blog has been presented and posted by Vijai K Sharma (in short Vijai), after being jointly compiled, as a result of discussions and deliberations between Abha (former Deputy Director of a voluntary organization in Mumbai), Vijai (former Additional G.M. in a large industrial organization) and Prakash (former Ford Foundation Fellow and Smith-Mundt/Fulbright Scholar and former Professor of Econometrics in several Universities including California University, Berkeley).



About vijaiksharma

OVERALL BRIEF PROFILE: An engineer cum management professional from Jaipur, India. Has been active as freelance writer, reviewer, trainer, examiner and translator. Has interests in Management, Quality, Meditation and Yoga. Has jointly written 6 books, besides about 185 articles, book-reviews, case studies, interviews and translations etc. published in foreign in Indian publications & 24 radio talks broad cast on All India Radio. A book-reviewer, an abstract writer and one of the “Writers of the month” for Jan 2007 on Has won President of India award in 1968, Fellowship award in 1992 and H K Firodia award in 1996, Colvin Medal in 1957, besides other appreciation letters. Has been abroad 6 times to USA, Europe, Bulgaria and Egypt. Also writes blogs with following links,,,

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